CSS and Xpath can both be used to denote locations in an XML document. These 2 syntaxes help guide your Selenium tests and allow automation to follow your well thought out test strategy. CSS is native to all browsers and specifically built for rendering in browsers, while XPath can give your Selenium test an exactness that is sometimes lacking in CSS. We put together a few tables to help translate XPath to CSS and vice versa. For browser testing, this translation can be especially effective for designers, developers and testers working together during the development and testing phase.